A farmer on the island of Orkney in 1850 was busy doing his daily chores when he accidentally knocked over a stone. What he found behind it shocked him, and it’s one of the most amazing discoveries: a 5,000-year-old city. To put that in perspective, it’s older than the pyramids.

The city, named Skara Brae, is believed to have been home to approximately 50 to 100 people. The Neolithic settlement was built completely of stone. A network of tunnels connects the eight stone houses. Numerous people shared each house, as indicated by multiple human-sized beds in each one.

Experts exploring the city found evidence of waterproof storage containers used as fish tanks where residents could store live fish until ready to eat them. Being a coastal town, fish was a staple in their diet.

Inhabitants likely abandoned the city during a global cooling period that left Orkney cold, damp and wet. Some speculate a storm resulted in a mass evacuation.

Skara Brae was protected all these years because it was common for the ancient people to sink their homes into the ground as a means of insulating them. The city got covered by sand dunes and sat unnoticed for thousands of years.

Source: Providr
Photo: Providr


It has been there all along.

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